What is Oral Fluid (Saliva) Drug Test and How to Use Oral Fluid (Saliva) Drug Rapid Test Kit?
Drug dependency and overdose is a major cause of disease, injury, and death in the post-pandemic world. Various methods of drug testing are increasingly becoming available to address the growing challenge posed by the increasing rates of illicit drug use and expanding drug markets worldwide. Assisting the screening of abstinence and the detection of early relapse, different types of drug tests offer unique benefits that may be compatible under different circumstances, such as post-accident screening, pre-employment screening, annual physical screening, for-cause screening, post-treatment screening, and athletic testing. Among these, oral fluid (saliva) testing is one of the most common, affordable, and convenient methods used for the screening of drugs. Read along to learn oral fluid (saliva) drug testing and how the Oral Fluid (Saliva) Drug Rapid Test Kit is used for the detection of a wide array of drugs.
What Are Different Types of Drug Testing?
Drug tests can detect different parent drugs and drug metabolites in various biological samples, including urine, hair follicle, oral fluid (saliva), sweat, blood, and breath. Urine tests are widely used for the detection of metabolites of alcohol, amphetamines, benzodiazepines, opioids, cocaine, and marijuana due to their relative affordability and convenience. Hair follicle testing, on the other hand, enables the detection of drug metabolites diffused from the bloodstream into the hair follicle for the determination of the long-term presence of drugs and the patterns of drug abuse for various drugs such as cocaine, phencyclidine (PCP), amphetamines, opioids, and MDMA. Blood tests offer an invasive and precise method that is often preferred in emergencies where timely and precise information may be decisive. Although it does not inform on the long-term presence of drugs and the patterns of drug abuse, oral fluid (saliva) testing is among the most popular methods as it offers an affordable, convenient, and non-invasive method for the detection of parent drugs.
What is Oral Fluid (Saliva) Drug Test Kit?
The Oral Fluid (Saliva) Drug Test Kit is a lateral flow chromatographic immunoassay for the qualitative detection of multiple drugs and drug metabolites in oral fluid (saliva) at differing cut-off concentrations. Utilizing monoclonal antibodies, the kit selectively and simultaneously detects elevated levels of a wide array of specific drugs such as amphetamine (AMP), barbiturates (BAR), benzodiazepines (BZO), buprenorphine (BUP), cocaine (COC), fentanyl (FTY), marijuana (THC), methadone (MTD), methamphetamine (mAMP), morphine/opiates (MOR/OPI), oxycodone (OXY), phencyclidine (PCP), and alcohol (ALC). With a non-invasive procedure and low adulteration risk, the kit can check for potential drug use or overdose in patients with clinical signs in just 10 to 15 minutes and enable timely intervention.
How Does the Oral Fluid Drug Rapid Test Kit Work?
With multiple membrane strips mounted in a single system, the Oral Fluid (Saliva) Drug Rapid Test Kit is a rapid chromatographic immunoassay based on the principle of competitive binding. As the collected oral fluid (saliva) specimen travels via capillary action, drugs, and drug metabolites that may be present in the collected sample compete against their respective drug conjugates for the binding sites located on their particular antibodies. If a parent drug or drug metabolite is present in a tested sample at a level below its cut-off concentration, the substance will fail to saturate the binding sites of its particular antibody. In turn, the antibody will react with the drug-protein conjugate and lead to the development of a colored line on the test line region (T) of the specific drug strip. If a parent drug or drug metabolite is present in a tested sample at a level above its cut-off concentration, on the other hand, all the binding sites of the antibody will be saturated, and a colored line will appear in the test line region (T). In addition to the test line (T), a line should appear in the control region (C) to serve as procedural control and confirm the validity of the results.
How to Use the Oral Fluid Drug Rapid Test Kit?
Before starting the procedure, it should be ensured that each component of the kit is brought to room temperature. The tested person must avoid consuming food, drink, gum, and tobacco products or placing anything in their mouth for at least 15 to 20 minutes before sample collection. To collect an oral fluid sample, the provided collection swab and the collection tube are removed from their sealed pouch. Next, the collection swab is inserted into the mouth, the cheeks, gums, and tongue are swept with the help of the swab, and the swab is held in the mouth for a few minutes until the saturation indicator becomes present in the indicator window of the collection swab. Then, the collection swab is removed from the mouth and pushed headfirst into the screening device until it locks in place. Finally, the device is kept upright on a flat surface, a timer is started, and results are read in the reaction time specified in the manual.